Counterterrorism Program, Italian Atlantic Committee
President of the Counter-Terrorism Commission of the Italian Atlantic Committee, Prof. Vittorfranco Pisano is a leading expert on the definition and analysis of the terrorist threat. Head of the Security and Intelligence Department at the International University of Social Sciences – UNINTESS, Prof. Pisano is a retired US Army Colonel who served in military police and general staff assignments in the United States and Europe for over thirty years. Former consultant at the US Senate Subcommittee on Security and Terrorism, he has also taught in various academic institutions, including Georgetown University and the Defense Intelligence College in Washington, DC, Troy State University – European Region in Kaiserslautern, Germany, as well as the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute in Turin, “La Sapienza” University in Rome, Roma Tre University, Link Campus University of Malta and John Cabot University in Rome. He is the author of over 200 books and articles on security, intelligence, and unconventional conflicts in English or Italian. He holds degrees in Political Science and Law.
With the consolidation of terrorism mostly of a jihadist matrix, the places of worship, the home, the communities of immigrants, the prisons, have become relevant for radicalization and recruitment. To address the phenomenon of radicalization, irrespective of the nature of the political or political-religious source from which it is conducted, it firstly requires a detailed knowledge of the dynamics, techniques, potential targets and actual level of the radicalization itself in space and time .
The statistics on contemporary terrorism reflect a remarkable increase over the last decade. Today, the main terrorist threat has a political-religious matrix, often improperly labeled as "religious terrorism".
Three are the main intertwined aspects to be considered with regards to ISIS in Europe, Italy included: the direct threat, the so called "foreign fighters" and the problematic adoption of a common counter-terrorism policy.
The rise of ISIS leads us to reflect on the nature, extent and recent developments of the main aspects relating to the unconventional conflicts and their many demonstrations.
In the course of the last two decades, the terrorist menace in the Mediterranean region has greatly increased because of religious radicalism, which pursues religion not as faith – that is, the relationship between believer and Creator – but as ideology and therefore injects itself into the political sphere. While, in the course of history, no religion has been immune to degeneration by fanatical and violent minorities, at present it is Islamic radicalism that stands out, but must be distinguished from the common and peaceful practice of Islam.